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Present Tense

Under the present tense, there are the following types-

Present Tense | English Medium

Simple Present

It is used to express-

  • A custom or a habit
    • For example: She reads a book daily.
  • A general truth
    • For example: The sun rises in the east.
  • Scientific facts
    • For example: Magnets attract irons.

It must be noted that in the present tense, the verb is conjugated on the basis of its subject. If the subject is singular in nature, the verb will end with an ‘s’ or an ‘es’; whereas if the subject is plural in nature, the verb will remain as is.

Present Continuous Tense

It is used to express an action going on at the time of speaking.

For example: The man is coming.

The above example implies that the action of the man coming is still happening; it is still in the process. Hence, present continuous tense will be used in such a case.

The following rule must be followed while using this tense-

Subject + is/am/are + verb + ing + object

Present Perfect

It expresses an action beginning at some time in the past and completed at the present time.

For example: The man has come.

The above example implies that the man’s action of coming started at sometime in the past and has just ended. Hence, we know that the present perfect tense must be used in this example.

The following rule must be followed while using this tense-

Subject+ has/have+ Third form of the verb + Object

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

It shows that the action that began in the past is continuing in the present time.

For example: The man has been coming.

The above example tells that the man started his action of coming in the past (not the recent past) and is still coming. Hence, present perfect continuous tense must be used in this case.

The following rule must be followed while using this tense-

Subject + has/have + been + verb + ing + Object

Learn more about Tenses with us at English Medium.

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