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A Pronoun can be referred to any word that is used in the place of a noun.

For example: 

Ram is a good boy. Ram wakes up early everyday.

Ram is a good boy. He wakes up early everyday.

Here, instead of repeating the noun, ‘Ram’ in the second sentence, it has been replaced by the pronoun, ‘he’.

Pronouns | English Medium

Types of Pronouns

Personal Pronouns

A personal pronoun is one that is associated primarily with a particular person, in the grammatical sense. These nouns can be used to refer to people or things in three forms explained as below-

  • First person (first form) – the person who is speaking
  • Second person (second form)- the person who is being spoken to
  • Third person (third form)- the person who is being spoken about 
PersonQuantity of NounNominative CaseObjective CasePossessive Case
First personSingularPluralIWeMeUsMineOurs
Second personSingularPluralYouYouYouYouYoursYours
Third personSingularPluralHe/ She/ ItTheyHim/ Her/ItThemHis/ HerTheirs

Demonstrative Pronouns

Terms like ‘That’This, ‘These’ and ‘Those’ are referred to as Demonstrative pronouns. These are known to take the place of a noun or a noun phrase that has already been mentioned.

Let’s understand the usage of each of these-

‘This’ is used for singular items that are nearby. 

‘These’ is used for multiple items that are nearby. The distance can be physical or metaphorical.

‘Those’ is used for multiple items that are far away.

For example: 

This is a pen.

That is my house.

These are your books.

Those notes that I gave you were my brother’s.

Reflexive Pronouns

Reflexive pronouns are the ones that end in terms like self or selves. For example- myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves.

First personmyselfourselves
Second personyourselfyourselves
Third personHimself, herself, itselfthemselves

For example:

I did it myself.

The horse hurt itself.

Indefinite Pronouns

Indefinite pronouns are used when referring to a noun (person or thing) that doesn’t need to be specifically identified. These nouns are the ones that are not particularly known to the first or the second person. For example- other, none, some, anybody, everybody, no one.

For example: 

Some of the apples were rotten.

Do good to others.

None of you has done the homework.

Possessive Pronouns

These pronouns are known to designate possession or ownership of something. 

For example:

This cat is mine.

This bag is ours.

Interrogative Pronouns

These are the ones that are used to ask questions. Let’s understand their usage below-

Interrogative Pronouns                Usage        Example
Who Only for peopleWho is that boy?
WhichParticular person or thingWhich is the best book ?
WhoseShows possessionWhose pen is this ?
WhatGeneralWhat will you wear today?

Relative Pronouns

Relative pronouns are the pronouns that join two sentences and refer back to the nouns. These are known to show a relation between the two sentences.

For example: 

I met Amit. He stood first in the class.

I met Amit who stood first in the class

Let’s understand their usage-

  • ‘Who’ and ‘whom’ is used only for people
  • ‘Which’ is used for non-living things and animals
  • ‘Whose’ is used to show possession of something

Nouns and Pronouns are both used to refer to similar things. The major difference is just that pronouns have the ability to replace nouns, such that they avoid the repetition of the same word in a sentence.

To learn more about the topics of English grammar in detail, check out the Basics of English Grammar.

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