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Adjectives

Adjectives are the words that describe, explain or modify another person or thing in the sentence. 

For example: 

The tall professor.

Many apples.
The blue umbrella.

Usage of Adjectives- English Medium

Position

Since adjectives are meant to describe the noun, they are positioned right before the noun in a sentence.

For example:

The red (Adjective) dress (noun).

The new (Adjective) book (noun).

A fat (Adjective) man (noun).

Many (Adjective) students (noun).

Types of Adjectives

There are 5 different types of adjectives in English grammar. Let’s understand what they are and how they are used-

Adjectives of Quality

These adjectives are used to describe the nature of a noun. They give an idea about the characteristics of the noun by explaining the kind of the noun used in the sentence.

For example: 

Sarah is a beautiful woman.

New Delhi is a large city.

Adjectives of Quantity

These adjectives help to show the approximate amount/quantity of the noun or pronoun. They do not provide exact numbers’ instead tell us the amount of the noun in relative or whole terms.

For example: 

He has enough money to go for a vacation.

He drank some milk.

Adjectives of Number

These are used to show the number of nouns. It must be noted that this type of adjective is used before uncountable nouns.

For example: 

I have ten apples.

I have many books.

Demonstrative Adjectives

These are used to point out or indicate a particular noun or pronoun. These can be named as-  This, That, These and Those.

For example:

I really like those shoes.

These flowers are lovely.

Interrogative Adjectives

These are used to ask questions about nouns or in relation to nouns. The most common phrases used for these adjectives are- Where, What, Which, and Whose.

For example-

Where is my blue dress?

Whose new book is that?

Comparison

Adjectives tend to change in their forms in order to show the comparison. These forms can be called the degrees of comparison.

There are three degrees of comparison-

  • The positive degree- It is the simplest form of the adjective, where actually no comparison is made.
  • The comparative degree- This form is used when we compare two people or things. In most cases, we add ‘er’ to the adjective. However, for longer words, the word, ‘more’ is written before the adjective.
  • Superlative degree- It is the highest degree of adjective. It is used to compare more than two nouns or things. In such cases, ‘est’ is added to the positive form of the adjective. For longer words the term, ‘most’ is written right before the adjective.

Let’s understand these degrees with some examples-

Positive DegreeComparative Degree Superlative Degree
Rahul is tall.Rahul is taller than Neeraj.Rahul is the tallest in the class.
She is a good girl.She is better than her sister.She is the best in the class.
Neha is beautiful.Neha is more beautiful than Seema.Neha is the most beautiful girl in the school.

From the above information, it is evident that adjectives and nouns have a very strong relation. Hence, in order to understand adjectives completely, it is important that you understand what are nouns, where, and how they are used.

For any doubts or queries, feel free to write to us at mehak@englishmedium.in.

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